With its 1,361 inhabitants, Paterno Calabro is not a popular city, but its simplicity, beauty and location make it an ideal village for those who want to get to know the most authentic Calabria you can find! Lets visit Paterno Calabro in Calabria. Here at Traveling to Calabria you make the trip of your dreams!!! Are you staying in Calabria? Looking for a hotel? Click here and discover best accommodation options in Calabria!
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A little about Paterno Calabro
Paterno Calabro, over the centuries, has caused many disputes over the origin of his toponym. There are those who say that the word Paterno is Greek, by Patisco and Patyces, according to which the toponym reflects the Latin adjective Paternus (paterno), with a similar meaning to Paderno, that is, inherited ‘from his father’. The construction of the first community in the area dates back to the X-XI century AD, thanks to the inhabitants of San File and Pregliano, two small villages that derive from the old farmhouse of San Marco. The oldest document in which reference is made to Paterno Calabro comes from the Oppido Mamertina (CZ) and dates from 1188. Read also Tourism in Calabria!
The name Paterno Calabro
The name Paterno Calabro was made official on April 21, 1863, when a Royal Decree included the word Calabro to distinguish it from other homonyms spread throughout the peninsula. The city’s commercial importance in the Cosenza area was indisputable. Ughelli, an eminent 16th century historian, defined the city as a noble and rich village, in addition to being large and populous. It is also known that the city, to a certain extent, passed under the rule of the Angevins, the Swabians and the Aragonese. The city has a historic past of great splendor, of which today there is a city that remains unforgettable and beautiful. Also read: WHAT ARE THE TEN MUST-SEE PLACES IN CALABRIA?
Paterno Calabro is located in the mountains, characterized by the strong wind in the winter and the light breeze that cools the air in the summer. Leaving the city, going to the highest point of the mountain, you will find the green of the dense vegetation, until you reach Mount Serratore at an altitude of 1,233 meters. Tip about Cosenza!
Among these hills, with the wind that blows powerful and majestic in the winter, while in the summer it seems to caress our skin, Francesco di Paola lived and worked in holiness for forty years, “the father” par excellence. His sanctuary was built by the will of the miracle worker in 1444, and it is a silent but strong witness to his presence. Paterno and the Sanctuary live in deep symbiosis: it is an inseparable bond that goes beyond time and that surpasses any and all expectations. What Are The Best Wineries In Calabria?
Map: from Cosenza to Paterno Calabro
The Sanctuary of San Francesco di Paola
The Sanctuary of San Francesco di Paola was completed in 1477 and, here, the saint stayed for a long time. On February 2, 1483 he went to France, to obey the order of Pope Sixtus IV to which the sick King Louis XI had appealed to request the intervention of the Pauline thaumaturge. San Francisco never returned to Italy and died at the age of 91, on April 2, 1507, in Tours. Currently, the entire complex includes: the church, the convent, the oratory, the cloister and the penitence cave. The cloister has six pointed arches on each side, supported by six columns; in the corridors, on one side, you can see 31 telescopes and represent important episodes in the saint’s life; on the other side, there are religious busts that represent the Minimi, who lived in the first half of the 17th century.
Over time, the Sanctuary lost its original aspect: in five centuries, it underwent restoration, suppression and fire; its stone portal in Gothic style remains unchanged and, here, one of the Saint’s miracles still “remains”: the architrave broken into three pieces and placed there by the Saint himself. Read also: How To Find Calabrian Relatives?
Video about Il Santuario di San Francesco di Paola
(Source: Santuario Regionale San Francesco di Paola)
The church has a central nave and a pole on the left: the one on the left takes us to the Chapel of the Most Holy, where one can admire a beautiful 18th century canvas that represents the Madonna of Constantinople, by an unknown author.
The chapel dedicated to the saint
Leaving to the left, you will find the chapel dedicated to the saint, where there are some relics such as the trout skin, bone fragment, footprint in the stone, rope, fabric shoes and the pot that the saint cooked without fire. The Chapel’s wooden bust is also kept in the Chapel, which is taken in procession on the occasion of the patron feast and on other occasions. In the church you can see the Baroque style with stucco and frescoes that cover the whole church. Before the 1638 earthquake, the church was Gothic and the roof was supported by simple beams.
On the side walls there are several frescoes and paintings such as the Baptism of Christ of Santanna, originally placed in the Church of San Giovanni; there is also the fresco by San Nicola Saggio, Santa Teresa d’Avila and Blessed Tommaso. On the main altar you can admire a wonderful painting by Santanna representing the Annunciation.
Passing to the Sacristy, the ceiling is beautifully boxed and here is the tomb of Father Paolo Rendace, a friend and trusted man from San Francisco who, when he left for France, handed over the guide to all hermitages.
From the Sacristy we go to the Cloister: a place that offers a feeling of peace and serenity, and this is where the 31 telescopes that describe the life of the Saint are.
From the cloister go to the Refectory: unique in its kind, and which maintains the lines of the 16th century, has an arabesque ceiling, and is supported by two colonnades that lead us to what can be defined as a great work of art. The 16th century fresco that represents the Last Supper is also here: in this fresco the painter is also involved in the work and uses this as his ‘signature’; it is a child serving a drink. Find out here: What Are The Best Cooking Schools In Calabria?
Then go to the garden where you can visit the cave, where the Saint slept and retired for days to be able to pray. It is an oratory where the Saint also did penance and to this day there is still a stone on display where the Saint bled.
When the visit is over, head to the Paterno Calabro Open-Air Museum, which has a naturalistic context of value and has multiple objectives: enhancement of the landscape heritage, the possibility of combining the amazement caused by the beauty of the use of works of art that blend nature, the creation of an environment that invokes spirituality and functions as a retreat, and the possibility of taking refuge in Beauty. Nowadays it is possible to visit an environmental work designed by the artist Antonio Pugliese called “TANABATA”, which shows us the ‘fusion’ between two celestial lovers.
- Be sure to visit the historic center and walk in the streets of the city: you will fall in love!
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Lets visit Paterno Calabro in Calabria. Paterno Calabro is small and can be visited in less than a day, but it is worth a visit and will give you an indescribable sense of peace. And if you feel insecure or don’t have time, and need help organizing your trip, don’t hesitate to contact me! I will love to help you make your dream trip to Italy. And how can I do that? Keep reading this post until the end and you will understand how we make your life and your trip much easier.
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